Publications

Aikens, M.L., Ellum, D.E., McKenna, J.J., Kelty, M.J., and Ashton, M.S. 2007. The effects of disturbance intensity on temporal and spatial patterns of herb colonization in a southern New England mixed-oak forest. Forest Ecology and Management 252: 144-158.

Ashton, P.M.S. 1992. Establishment and early growth of advance regeneration of canopy trees in moist mixed species broadleaf forest. In The Ecology and Silviculture of Mixed-Species Forests. Kelty, M.J., B.C. Larson, & C.D. Oliver (Eds). pp. 101-125. Kluwer Academic Publ., Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Ashton, P.M.S., and Berlyn, G.P. 1994. A comparison of leaf physiology and anatomy of Quercus (section Erythrobalanus-Fagaceae) species in different light environments. Amer. J. Bot. 81:589-597

Ashton, P.M.S., and Larson, B.C. 1996. Germination and seedling growth of Quercus (section Erythrobalanus) across openings in a mixed-deciduous forest of southern New England, USA. For.Ecol. Mgt. 80: 81-94.

Ashton, P.M.S., and Peters, C. 1999. Even-aged silviculture in tropical rainforests of Asia: Lessons learned and myths perpetuated. Journal of Forestry 97: 14-19.)

Ashton, P.M.S., Harris, P.G., Thadani, R. 1998. Soil seed bank dynamics in relation to topographic position of a mixed-deciduous forest in southern New England, USA. For Ecol. Mgt:111 15-22.

Ashton, P.M.S., Yoon, K., Thadani, R., & Berlyn, G.P. 1999. Seedling leaf structure of New England maples (Acer) in relation to light environment. Forest Science 45: 1-8.

Barrett, K.J. and Schmitz, O.J. “Effects of Deer Settling Stimulus and Deer Density on Regeneration in a Harvested Southern New England Forest,” International Journal of Forestry Research, vol. 2013, Article ID 690213, 11 pages, 2013. doi:10.1155/2013/690213.

Barton, B.T., and Schmitz, O.J. 2009. Experimental warming transforms multiple predator effects in a grassland food web. Ecology Letters 12: 1-9.

Barton, BT, AP Beckerman, and OJ Schmitz.  2009.  Climate warming strengthens indirect interactions in an old-field food web.  Ecology 90:2345-2451.

Beckerman, A.P., Uriarte, M., and Schmitz, O.J. 1997. Experimental evidence for a behavior-mediated trophic cascade in a terrestrial food chain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA 94: 10735-10738.

Berlyn, G.P., and Ashton, P.M.S. 1996. Sustainability of forests. J. Sust. For. 7: 141-157.

Bradford, Mark A., et al. "Climate fails to predict wood decomposition at regional scales." Nature Climate Change (2014).

Brady, S. P. 2012. Road to evolution? Local adaptation to road adjacency in an amphibian (Ambystoma maculatum). Sci. Rep. 2.

Brady, S.P. 2013. Microgeographic maladaptive performance and deme expression in response to roads and runoff. PeerJ. 1:e163. http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.163

Burchsted, D., Daniels, M., Thorson, R., and Vokoun, J. 2010.  The river discontinuum: applying beaver modifications to baseline conditions for restoration of forested headwaters. BioScience 60: 908-922.

Denise Burchsted, Melinda Daniels, Ellen E. Wohl, Introduction to the special issue on discontinuity of fluvial systems, Geomorphology, Volume 205, 15 January 2014, Pages 1-4, ISSN 0169-555X.

Denise Burchsted, Melinda D. Daniels, Classification of the alterations of beaver dams to headwater streams in northeastern Connecticut, U.S.A., Geomorphology, Volume 205, 15 January 2014, Pages 36-50, ISSN 0169-555X. 

Covey, K.R., Wood, S.A., Warren, R.J., Lee, X., Bradford, M.A., 2012, Elevated methane concentrations in trees of an upland forest. Geophysical Research Letters, 39.

Dohna, H.Z. 2006. The distribution of eggs per host in a herbivorous insect – intersection of oviposition, dispersal and population dynamics. Journal of Animal Ecology 75: 387-398.

Ducey, M.J., W.K. Moser, & P.M.S. Ashton. 1995. Effect of fire intensity on understory composition and diversity in a Kalmia-dominated oak forest, New England, USA. Vegetatio 123: 81-90.

Duguid, M.C., Frey, B.R., Ellum, D.S., Kelty, M., Ashton, M.S. 2013. The influence of ground disturbance and gap position on understory plant diversity in upland forests of southern New England. Forest Ecology and Management 303: 148-159.

Diuk-Wasser, Maria A., et al. "Monitoring Human Babesiosis Emergence through Vector Surveillance New England, USA." Emerging infectious diseases20.2 (2014): 225.

Ellum, D.S. 2009. Floristic diversity in managed forests: demography and physiology of understory plants following disturbance in southern New England forests. Journal of Sustainable Forests 28: 132-151.

Ellum, D.S., Ashton, M.S., and Siccama, T.G. 2010. Spatial pattern in herb diversity and abundance of second growth mixed deciduous-evergreen forest of southern New England, USA. Forest Ecology and Management. 259: 1416-1426.

Evans, A. M. (2008). Growth and Infestation by Hemlock Wooly Adelgid of Two Exotic Hemlock Species in a New England Forest. Journal of Sustainable Forestry. 26: 223-240.

Evans, A. M., and Gregoire, T.G. 2007. A Geographically Variable Model of HWA Spread. Biological Invasions. 9(4):369-382.

Evans, A. M., and Gregoire, T.G. 2007. The tree crown distribution of hemlock woolly adelgid, Adelges tsugae (Hem., Adelgidae) from randomized branch sampling. Journal of Applied Entomology 131(1):26–33.

Fischer, A., Marshall, P., and Camp, A. 2013. Disturbances in deciduous temperate forest ecosystems of the northern hemisphere: their effects on both recent and future forest development. Biodiversity Conservation 22:1863-1893.

Freidenburg, L.K., and Skelly, D.K. 2004. Microgeographical variation in thermal preference by an amphibian. Ecology Letters 7: 369-373.

Frey, B.R., Ashton, M.S., McKenna, J.J., Ellum, D., and Finkral, A. 2007. Topographic and temporal patterns in tree seedling establishment, growth, and survial among masting species of southern New England mixed-deciduous forests. Forest Ecology and Management 245: 54-63.

Grear, J.S., and Schmitz, O.J. 2005. Effects of grouping behaviour and predators on the spatial distribution of a forest floor arthropod. Ecology 86: 960-971.

Halverson, M.A., Skelly, D.K., and Caccone, A. 2006. Inbreeding linked to amphibian survival in the wild but not in the laboratory. Journal of Heredity 97: 499-507.

Halverson, M.A., Skelly, D.K., and Caccone, A. 2006. Kin distribution of amphibian larvae in the wild. Molecular Ecology 15: 1139-1145.

Halverson, M.A., Skelly, D.K., Kiesecker, J.M., and Freidenburg, L.K. 2003. Forest mediated light regime linked to amphibian distribution and performance. Oecologia 134: 360-364.

Hawlena, D. and O.J. Schmitz. 2010. Herbivore physiological response to predation risk and implications for ecosystem nutrient dynamics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107: 15503-15507.

Hawlena, D., Hughes K. M., and Schmitz O. J.  2011.  Trophic trait plasticity in response to changes in resource availability and predation risk.  Functional Ecology.  25 (4): 1-9.

Hawlena, D., H. Kress, E. Dufresne, and O.J. Schmitz.  2011. Grasshoppers alter jumping biomechanics to enhance escape performance under chronic risk of spider predation.  Functional Ecology 25:279-288.

Hawlena, D., M.S. Strickland, M.A. Bradford, and O.J. Schmitz. 2012. Fear of predation slows litter decomposition. Science 336:1434-1438.

Hawley, R.C. 1921. The Practice of Silviculture. John Wiley & Sons, New York.352 p.

Hawley, R.C. 1929. The Practice of Silviculture. 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 335 p.

Hawley, R.C. 1935. The Practice of Silviculture. 3rd edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 340 p.

Hawley, R.C. 1937. The Practice of Silviculture. 4th edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 252 p.

Hawley, R.C. 1946. The Practice of Silviculture. 5th edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 354 p.

Herstoff, Emily, and Mark C. Urban. "Will preā€adaptation buffer the impacts of climate change on novel species interactions?." Ecography 37.2 (2014): 111-119.

Holland, M.P., Skelly, D.K., Kashgarian, M., Bolden, S.R., Harrison, L.M., and Capello, M. 2007. Echinostome infection in green frogs (Rana clamitans) is stage and age dependent. Journal of Zoology 271: 455-462.

Joachim, D. and Goodale, E. 2007. On the use of cellular telephony for audio interaction with animals. Biology Letters 3: 603-606.

Kareiva, P., Skelly, D., and Ruckelshaus, M. 1997. Reevaluating the use of models to predict the consequences of habitat loss and fragmentation. In: The ecological basis of conservation: heterogeneity, ecosystem fuction, and biodiversity. (Pickett, S.T.A., R.S. Ostfeld, M. Shachak, and G.E. Likens, Eds.) 156-166 pp. Chapman and Hall, New York.

Kelty, M.J. 1986. Developmental patterns in two hemlock-hardwood stands in southern New England. Can. J. For. Res. 16:885-891.

Kelty, M.J., Larson, B.C., and Oliver, C.D.(eds.). 1992. The Ecology and Silviculture of Mixed- Species Forests. Kluwer Academic Publ. Dordrecht, The Netherlands. 287 p.

Kiesecker, J.M., and Skelly, D.K. 2000. Choice of oviposition site by gray treefrogs, Hyla versicolor: the role of potential parasitic infection. Ecology 81: 2939-2943.

Kiesecker, J.M., and Skelly, D.K. 2001. Effects of disease and pond drying on gray tree frog growth, development, and survival. Ecology 82: 1956-1963.

Kiesecker, J.M., Skelly, D.K., Beard, K.H., and Preisser, E. 1999. Behavioral reduction of infection risk. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA 96: 9165-9168.

Kittredge, D.B. 1988. The influence of species composition on the growth of individual red oaks in mixed stands in southern New England. Can. J. For. Res. 18: 1550- 1555.

Kittredge, D.B., and Ashton, P.M.S. 1990. Patterns of regeneration in mixed-species stands in southern New England. Northern J. Applied For. 5:132-144.

Kittredge, D.B., and Ashton, P.M.S. 1995. Impacts of deer browse on regeneration in mixed-species stands in southern New England. Northern J. Applied For. 12: 115-120.

Kittredge, D.B., Kelty, M.J., and Ashton, M.S. 1992. The use of tree shelters with northern red oak natural regeneration in southern New England. Northern J. Applied For. 9:141-145.

Ligon, N. F., and Skelly, D.K. 2009. Cryptic divergence: counter gradient variation in the wood frog. Evolutionary Ecology Research 11:1099-1109.

Liptzin, D., and Ashton, P.M.S. 1999. Early successional stand dynamics of single-aged mixed hardwood stands in southern New England forest, USA. For. Ecol. Mgt. 116: 141-150.

Lutz, H.J., and Chandler, R.F. 1946. Forest Soils. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 514 p.

McCarter, J.B., Wilson, J.S., Baker, P.J., Moffett, J.L., and Oliver, C.D. Oliver. 1998. Landscape management through integration of existing tools and emerging technologies. J. For. 96: 17-24.

Meyer, W.H., and Plusnin, B.A. 1945. The Yale Forest in Tolland and Windham Counties, Connecticut. Yale Sch. For. Bull. 55.

Miller, J. R. B., Ament, J. M., Schmitz, O. J. (2014), Fear on the move: predator hunting mode predicts variation in prey mortality and plasticity in prey spatial response. Journal of Animal Ecology, 83: 214–222.

Moser, W.K., Ducey, M.J., and Ashton, P.M.S. 1996. Effects of fire intensity on competitive dynamics between red and black oaks and mountain laurel. Northern J. Applied For. 13: 115-120.

Oliver, C.D. 1978. The development of northern red oak in mixed stands in central New England. Yale Sch. For. & Env. Studies Bull. 91.

Oliver, C.D., and Larson, B.C. 1990. Forest Stand Dynamics. McGraw-Hill, New York. 467 p.

Ovadia, O., and Schmitz, O.J. 2002. Linking individuals with ecosystems: experimentally identifying the relevant organizational scale for predicting trophic abundances. Proceedings National Academy of Sciences 99: 12927-12931.

Ovadia, O., and Schmitz, O.J. 2004. Weather variation and trophic interaction strength: sorting the signal from the noise. Oecologia 140: 398-406.

Richardson, J.L., and M.C. Urban. 2013. Strong selection barriers explain microgeographic adaptation in wild salamander populations. Evolution 21 (In Press).

Richardson, J.L. 2012. Divergent landscape effects on population connectivity in two co-occurring amphibian species. Molecular Ecology 21(18): 4437-4451.

Richardson, J.L., M.C. Urban, D. Bolnick, and D.K. Skelly. 2014. Microgeographic adaptation and the spatial scale of evolution. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 29:165-176.

Rothley, K.D., Schmitz, O.J., and Cohon, J.L. 1997. Foraging to balance conflicting demands: novel insights from grasshoppers under predation risk. Behavioral Ecology 8: 551-559.

Schmitz, O.J. 1994. Resource edibility and trophic exploitation in an old-field food web. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA 91: 5364-5367.

Schmitz, O.J. 1997. Press perturbations and the predictability of ecological interactions in a food web. Ecology 78: 222-236

Schmitz, O.J. 1998. Direct and indirect effects of predation and predation risk in old-field interaction webs. American Naturalist 151: 327-342.

Schmitz, O.J. 2000. Combining field experiments with individual-based modeling to identify the dynamically-relevant organizational scale in a field system. Oikos 89: 471-484.

Schmitz, O.J. 2003. Top predator control of plant biodiversity and productivity in an old-field ecosystem. Ecology Letters 6: 156-163.

Schmitz, O.J. 2004. Perturbation and abrupt shift in trophic control of biodiversity and productivity. Ecology Letters 7: 403-409.

Schmitz, O.J. 2005. Scaling from plot experiments to landscapes: studying grasshoppers to inform forest ecosystem management. Oecologia 145: 225-234.

Schmitz, O.J. 2006. Predators have large effects on ecosystem properties by changing plant diversity, not plant biomass. Ecology 87: 1432-1437.

Schmitz O.J. 2007. Predator diversity and trophic interactions. Ecology 88:2415-2426.

Schmitz, O.J. 2008. Effects of predator hunting mode on grassland ecosystem function. Science 319:952-954.

Schmitz, O.J. 2009. Effects of predator functional diversity on grassland ecosystem function. Ecology 90: 2339-2345.

Schmitz, O.J., and Litman, S. 1997. Herbivore adaptive foraging and the structure and dynamics of a simple plant-herbivore community. Evolutionary Ecology 11: 773-784.

Schmitz, O.J., and Sokol-Hessner, L. 2002. Linearity in the aggregate effects of multiple predators in a food web. Ecology Letters 5: 168-172.

Schmitz, O.J., Suttle, K.B. 2001. Effects of top predator species on the direct and indirect interactions in a food web. Ecology 82: 2072-2081.

Schmitz, O.J., Beckerman, A.P., and O’Brian, K.M. 1997. Behaviorally-mediated trophic cascades: the effects of predation risk on food web interactions. Ecology 78: 1388-1399

Schmitz, O.J., Hamback, P., and Beckerman, A.P. 2000. Trophic cascades in terrestrial systems: a review of the effect of top predator removals on plants. Amercan Naturalist 155: 141-153.

Schmitz, O.J., Kalies, E.L., and Booth, M.G. 2006. Alternative dynamic regimes and trophic control of plant succession. Ecosystems 9: 659-672.

Schmitz, O.J. and J.R. Price. 2011. Convergence in trophic interaction strengths in grassland food webs through metabolic scaling of herbivore biomass.  Journal of Animal Ecology 80:1330-1336.

Schmitz, O.J., Bradford, M.A., Strickland, M.S., and Hawlena, D. 2013.  Linking predation risk, herbivore physiological stress and microbial decomposition of plant litter. Journal of Visualized Experiements 73: e50061. doi:10.3791/50061.

Semlitsch, R.D., and Skelly, D.K. 2007. Ecology and conservation of pool-breeding amphibians. In Calhoun, A., and deMaynadier, P. (Eds.) Science and Conservation of Vernal Pools in Northeastern North America. CRC Press, pp. 127-147.

Seymour, R.S., and Smith, D.M. 1987. A new stocking guide formulation applied to eastern white pine. For. Sci. 33:469-484.

Skelly, D.K. 1997. Tadpole communities. American Scientist 85: 36-45.

Skelly, D. K. 2001. Distributions of pond-breeding anurans: an overview of mechanisms. Israel Journal of Zoology 47:313-332. [Special issue on the Ecology of Temporary Pools]

Skelly, D.K. 2002. Experimental venue and estimation of interaction strength. Ecology 83: 2097-2101.

Skelly, D.K., 2004. Microgeographic countergradient variation in the wood frog, Rana sylvatica. Evolution 58: 160-165.

Skelly, D.K. 2005. Experimental venue and estimation of interaction strength: reply. Ecology 86: 1068-1071.

Skelly, D.K., and Freidenburg, L.K. 2000. Effects of beaver on the thermal biology of an amphibian. Ecology Letters 3: 483-486.

Skelly, D.K., and Golon, J. 2003. Assimilation of natural benthic substrates by two species of tadpoles. Herpetologica 59: 37-42.

Skelly, D.K., and Kiesecker, J.M. 2001. Venue and outcome in ecological experiments: manipulations of larval anurans. Oikos 94: 198-208.

Skelly, D.K., Freidenburg, L.K., and Kiesecker, J.M. 2002. Forest canopy and the performance of larval amphibians. Ecology 83: 983-992.

Skelly, D.K., Halverson, M.A., Freidenburg, L.K., and Urban, M.C. 2005. Canopy closure and amphibian diversity in forested wetlands. Wetlands Ecology and Management 13: 261-268.

Skelly, D. K., Bolden, S. R., Holland, M. P., Freidenburg, L. K., Freidenfelds, N. A., and Malcolm, T. R. 2006. Urbanization and disease in amphibians. Pages 153 to 167 in S. K. Collinge and C. Ray (Eds.) Disease ecology: community structure and pathogen dynamics. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198567081.

Skelly, D.K., Bolden, S.R., Freidenburg, K., Freidenfelds, N.A., and Levey, R. 2007. Ribeiroia infection is not responsible for Vermont amphibian deformities. EcoHealth 4: 156-163.

Skelly, D.K., Bolden, S.R. and Freidenburg, L.K. 2014. Experimental canopy removal enhances diversity of vernal pond amphibians. Ecological Applications 24:340-345.

Smith, D. M. 1962. The Practice of Silviculture (7th Edition) John Wiley & Sons. New York. 578 p.

Smith, D.M. 1986. The Practice of Silviculture. (8th edition) John Wiley & Sons. New York. 527 p.

Smith, D.M., and Ashton, P.M.S. 1993. Early dominance of pioneer hardwood after clearcutting and removal of advanced regeneration. Northern J. Applied For. 10:14-19.

Smith, D.M., Larson, B.C., Kelty, M.J., and Ashton, P.M.S. Ashton. 1997. The Practice of Silviculture: Applied Forest Ecology. 9th edition, Wiley & Sons, New York 537 p.

Strickland, M.S., Hawlena, D., Reese, A., Bradford, M.A., and Schmitz, O.J. 2013. Trophic cascade alters ecosystem carbon exchange. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USAvol 110 no. 27.

Sokol-Hessner, L., and Schmitz, O.J. 2002. Aggregate effects of multiple predator species on a shared prey. Ecology 83: 2367-2372.

Toman, M.A., & P.M.S. Ashton. 1996. Sustainable forest ecosystems and management: A review. Forest Science 42: 366-377.

Toumey, J.W. 1928. Foundations of Silviculture Upon an Ecological Basis. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 438 p.

Toumey, J.W. 1932. The Yale demonstration and research forest near Keene, New Hampshire. Yale Sch. For. Bull. 33.

Toumey, J.W., and Hawley, R.C. 1916. The Keene Forest - A preliminary report. Yale Sch. For. Bull. 4

Toumey, J.W., and Kienholz, R. 1931. Trenched plots under forest canopies. Yale Sch. For. Bull. 30

Toumey, J.W., and Korstian, C. F. 1937. Foundations of Silviculture Upon an Ecological Basis. 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 456 p.

Urban, M. C. 2007. Predator size and phenology shape prey survival in temporary ponds. Oecologia 154:571-580.

Urban, M. C. 2008. The evolution of prey body size reaction norms in diverse communities. Journal of Animal Ecology 77:346-355.

Uriarte, M. & Schmitz, O.J. 1998. Trophic control across a natural productivity gradient with sap-feeding herbivores. Oikos 82: 552-560.

Wellborn. G.A., Skelly, D.K., and Werner, E.E. 1996. Mechanisms creating structure across a freshwater habitat gradient. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 27: 337-363.

Photo of newt.

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